9 Indoor Plants to Improve Air Quality at Home
The clearest way into the Universe is through a forest wilderness. ~ John Muir
Imagine a world where there are no trees; there would be no rain and we would have nowhere to take shelter when the sun scorches and burns us. Plants are important, not only for animals but also for us. They help purify the air around us by taking in carbon dioxide and giving out fresh oxygen. Trees and bushes also provide us with shade and fruits, and some of them even have certain medicinal benefits. We need plants just as much as we need technology, but we should try to maintain a balance between both.
We are surrounded by pollution, whether we are out while walking on the road, or even working inside the office or at home! Yes, there are various kinds of pollutants and come a wide range of sources; some of the well-known ones are mould, pollen, pesticides, gases like radon, CO2, formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, and various others. The effects of most of these pollutants may only cause discomfort which can be solved by eliminating the source or relocating to a different place; some others, however, are much more dangerous and can become life-threatening diseases like respiratory illnesses, cancer, etc.
This can now be avoided thanks to a new healthy trend going around these days where more & more people are starting to keep plants inside their homes. Indoor plants hardly need any maintenance as they can survive with little water and a good place to get adequate sunlight. There’s no need to put manure, mix different ratios of protein/calcium, and so on, for the plants to grow.
Plants are also known to reduce our stress levels and help us feel relaxed and calm by just looking them. It also provides us fresh air which helps in better blood circulation, better focus while working, boosts immunity, and so on. Plants are also capable of elevating our mood & bring positivity in our thoughts. There is no end to the advantages of having indoor plants; so, let’s just go ahead and see some of the best plants you can keep at home to improve the indoor air quality and create a healthy environment for you & your family.
Most common low-cost maintenance indoor plants and their uses
This is one of the best plants for purifying the air. They are the smallest plants compared to others in this group. They can be used in smaller houses. They can be easily maintained and not too demanding. Their glossy green leaves make a great plant to be kept in any room. Put them in a shady spot and make sure to water them once a week. But be aware that these are mildly toxic and hence you need to wash your hands after you touch them. Keep them out of reach of children and your pets.
How they purify air: It removes harmful gases like formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide, ammonia and many more.
This easy-growing perennial vine is particularly effective in reducing airborne particles which makes it a perfect air purifier for bathroom, kitchen, and bedroom. It also helps in combating mould at home. This is perfect to be placed in hanging baskets and bring a different look to your home. You need to place this is a spot where there is direct sunlight and the temperature should be constant. It needs plenty of water and well-drained soil to prevent waterlogging. It is also considered by NASA as the best for air purifier.
How they purify air: It removes mould that might be proliferating in your home, and also helps remove formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide, trichloroethylene.
Snake Plant/ Mother-in-law’s Tongue
Rejoice, fellow lazy people, this is a plant that is made for us! An interesting and fascinating fact about this plant is that it survives on extremely little water and thrives on neglect. It can be used by beginners for trial and error, as it’s like the James Bond of plants, awfully hard to kill. This yellow-tipped succulent creeper releases oxygen at night, which means you can keep it close to you, on your bedside table. Just be sure to keep the soil moist and not to overwater it.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like formaldehyde, nitrogen oxide, benzene, and xylene.
These are also called as mums or disbuds are a great addition to your home, they not only liven up your kitchen and living room but also are the best air purifiers. They need plenty of direct sunlight and moist soil and need tending to. They are among the most difficult air purifiers to be grown, but it pays your hard work with beautiful blooms. A bit of helpful advice from someone who tried and successfully grew them, they love direct sunlight and bathing in the sun.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, xylene, ammonia, and trichloroethylene from the air.
It is also known as pothos or golden pothos and is another easy-to-grow plant for beginners. It is low maintenance and another James Bond of the indoor plants. It is harder to kill than to keep alive. It flourishes in a peaty soil with plenty of moisture. It is heart shaped and adds instant colour to your room with its cascading tendrils and is best grown in hanging pots.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like formaldehyde, benzene, xylene, and trichloroethylene.
There are more than 40 different Dracaena plants, giving you a wide variety of choice to choose from for your home and office. They are other good plants for beginners, as they can grow in tough conditions. They enjoy being in indirect sunlight and must not be placed in direct sunlight. Keep the soil mildly damp, and they should be fine, do not overwater them as the roots will decay.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde.
They are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, help in healing wounds, and burns. It is amazingly easy to care for. This plant produces clear liquid that contains vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, and other compounds having anti-bacterial properties. Apart from all of this it also is a great air purifier. They thrive in warm well-lit rooms; they grow brown spots on their leaves when the number of chemicals is extreme.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like formaldehyde and benzene.
This is a great option when it comes to air purifiers. Known as broadleaf lady palm, this can reduce the ammonia that is found in some indoor cleaning products. They are expensive to buy fully grown, so the best choice is to buy a small one. This is a humidity loving plant. They need moist soil but with good drainage.
How they purify air: They remove pollutants like ammonia, xylene, and formaldehyde.
Since the bamboo palm, or reed palm, prefers part sun or shade, it makes a great houseplant. These are safe for animals, even if accidentally ingested, and have various other benefits.
How they purify air: They remove harmful elements such as benzene and formaldehyde.
Getting to the Root of it
Although plants are not the answer to increase the air quality, they do help a great deal in certainly improving it. Moreover, scientists have developed hybrid plants that can increase the quality of indoor air; Pathos Ivy, being one of them, has undergone various tests.
It's also important to remember that WE also play a major role in improving the air quality in our environment, so that we do don't drive our planet to extinction, because without trees, a lot of things that will go away like fresh air, rain, water, and so on. We should take steps to protect our planet, and the only way to do this is by planting more trees and making sure we keep our surroundings green and clean.